Geographic Distribution

Knowledge of Official Languages

Niagara’s population that identifies as bilingual (English and French) enthusiastically takes part in French cultural and sporting activities such as organized dinners and conversation sessions to take advantage of these opportunities to “Vivre en français” (Live in French).

Statistics Canada, 2021 Census

Région de Niagara
* The cities of Port Colborne and Welland are designated areas under the Ontario French Language Services Act.

Inclusive Definition of Francophones (IDF)

The IDF broadens the definition of Francophone to include those persons whose mother tongue is neither French nor English but have a particular knowledge of French as an Official Language and use French at home.

Mother Tongue and First Official Language Spoken: (total) 12,215

  • Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the person at the time the data was collected.
  • The first official language (therefore English or French) spoken by a person. This concept is derived from 3 census questions: knowledge of official languages, mother tongue and language spoken most often at home.

The viable “Knowledge of Official Language” indicates whether a person is capable of conversing in French only, in English only, in either official language. We normally use this viable when talking about “bilingualism”.  Niagara’s bilingual population (total) 34, 250

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